Javanese traditional house comes from Java island and dominant with wood accents. The architecture of the Javanese traditional house is very much dominated by Javanese culture which has its own philosophy and hierarchy. It can be seen from the complicated roof shape which is only owned by the nobility. Generally, Javanese traditional houses are divided into several parts: the pavilion, pringgitan, omah, dalem, and senthong. The architectural form of Javanese traditional houses has influenced by Dutch colonial architecture in Indonesia in the development of modern architecture in the 20th century.
Currently, many modern architectures adapt Javanese traditional houses into more modern buildings that have minimalist elements. Therefore, it aims to make philosophy of the Javanese traditional house not fade in the future.
Javanese traditional house philosophy
The Javanese traditional house has a hierarchical philosophy that shows the social strata of the house owner. The roof of the Javanese traditional house has a shape like a mountain, which is believed by the Javanese people that the mountain is a sacred symbol and is the abode of the Gods. This mountain-shaped roof is supported by four large pillars that indicate the cardinal directions, they are north, south, west, and east.
The shape and parts of a Javanese traditional house
Generally, Javanese traditional houses are built in a complex and divided into several parts that have different functions in each part.
Pendopo (kind of gazebo)
Located at the front of the house, the pendopo looks like a pavilion that functions as a place to receive guests, social gatherings, or social performances. Pendopo usually has joglo-shaped roof which is only owned by nobles or rich people.
Pringgitan is a space that connects the pavilion with the main house. Pringgitan has a function as a place for playing ringgit or puppets.
Omah is the main house in Javanese house buildings. Usually the house has a square or rectangular layout with higher floor than other house buildings. The middle part of the house uses pyramid roof or joglo.
Dalem is a closed building which is divided along the north and south axis into different areas. Dalem functioned as a gathering place for children to go through puberty. In addition, traditionally, the dalem is a place for burning incense once a week to honor Dewi Sri (the goddess of rice), it is also where the bride and groom sit at the wedding ceremony.
Senthong is located at the back of the house and has closed form. Divided into several rooms, senthong west is a place to store rice (lumbung) and other agricultural products. While senthong east as a place to store farming equipment.